Cargo transportation

14.1. Cargoes Transported by the Airline
14.2. Reservation and Sales of Cargo Transportation
14.3. Payment for Transportation
14.4. Cargo Filing for Transportation
14.5. Admission to the carriage of cargo
14.6. Cargo Weighing
14.7. Pre-Flight Inspection of Cargoes
14.8. Requirements for Package and Marking
14.9. Transportation of Different Cargo Types
14.10. Procession and Dispensing of Off-Loaded Cargo
14.11. Cargo Storage
14.12. Search of Cargo
14.13. Procedure for sale and destruction of an unclaimed cargo
14.14. Termination of a cargo air transportation agreement

14.1. Cargoes Transported by the Airline

14.1.1. Cargo is transported by passenger and cargo aircrafts performing flight in the territory of the Russian Federation and international air flights on a regular or charter basis along settled air lines and also to points where regular flights are not performed.

14.1.2. Cargo transportation by passenger aircrafts is performed on the basis of their additional loading.

14.1.3. Cargoes and personal property of citizens are accepted for transportation, provided nature of their package and properties enable their safe transportation under impact of vibrating and operational overloads, long presence under low barometer pressure (up to 145 mm Hg) and under temperature +/- 60 degrees Centigrade.

14.1.4. Under the mentioned conditions cargoes should not change their chemical, physical and other properties that may cause their deterioration or growth of hazard level during air transportation.

14.1.5. Cargoes should not contain items and substances prohibited for transportation aboard aircraft.

14.1.6. Cargoes should be packed with consideration of their specific properties and peculiarities so that their security is ensured during regular handling in course of air transportation and possibility of doing harm to people and damage of other cargoes or property of the Airline is prevented.

14.1.7. Some types of cargo (live animals, hazardous, perishable cargoes) and heavy and oversized cargoes are accepted for transportation upon agreement with the Airline only according to terms set forth in these Regulations and requirements of domestic, international or other regulatory documents.

14.1.8. Dimensions of cargo accepted for transportation are limited by size of loading hatches and baggage cargo compartments. Total weight of cargo is limited by acceptable maximum payload and/or volumes of cargo compartments and the maximum acceptable load on the floor of aircrafts operated by the Airline.

14.1.9. Cargo provided for transportation is subject to compulsory inspection by aviation security service of the departure airport engaging use of special technical inspection devices.

14.2. Reservation and Sales of Cargo Transportation

14.2.1. Reservation and sales of cargo transportation is performed by air transportation sales agencies of the Airline and by authorized agents of the Airline upon direct address from clients or by telephone.

14.2.2. Reservation of capacity for cargo suggests transportation of cargo on the date, by the flight and along the route that has been reserved, unless otherwise is set forth in a cargo air transportation agreement.

14.2.3. Reservation is made within terms and according to the procedure settled by the carrier.

14.2.4. At capacity reservation Consigner is obliged to give the carrier or its authorized agent full information on the consigner and consignee details, cargo title, suggested departure date, gross weight (hereinafter “Weight”) and volume of cargo, dimensions of each piece of cargo, terms of the cargo handling, cargo properties urging special conditions or precaution measures during its transportation, storage and procession.

14.2.5. Reservation of cargos listed below requires agreement of transportation with the carrier:

  1. currency in banknotes and coins, shares, bonds and other securities, credit and bank cards, jewelry, precious metals, precious or semi-precious stones, including industrial diamonds (hereinafter “Valuable Cargo”);
  2. cargo with declared value;
  3. items and substances getting spoilt upon expiration of a certain shelf life or under harmful influence of temperature, humidity and other environmental conditions (hereinafter “Perishable Cargo”);
  4. items and substances that may constitute threat to health, property security or environmental safety and are stipulated in a list of hazardous cargoes or classified as hazardous cargoes according to international treaties and legislation of the Russian Federation (hereinafter “Hazardous Cargo”);
  5. cargo one piece of which weighs eighty (80) and more kilograms (hereinafter “Heavy Cargo”);
  6. cargo dimensions of one piece of which exceed dimensions of loading hatches and/or cargo compartments of aircrafts (hereinafter “Oversized Cargo”);
  7. cargo weight of one cubic meter of which is less than one hundred and sixty-seven (167) kilograms (hereinafter “Bulky Cargo”);
  8. animals, birds, insects, fish, etc. (hereinafter “Living Things”);
  9. cargo that requires special transportation conditions;
  10. human remains and animal remains.

14.2.6. Before capacity reservation for cargo the carrier, a service company or an authorized agent performs inspection of cargo regarding ascribing cargo or its part to the category of hazardous cargoes. Inspection of cargo determines the opportunity and conditions of transportation of hazardous cargo.

14.2.7. At reservation of capacity for cargo the carrier or an authorized agent:

  1. provides the consigner information on air traffic schedule, rates and terms of their application, the carrier’s regulations, terms of a cargo air transportation agreement, availability of free capacity, tonnage, other similar information;
  2. chooses the appropriate route and carriage charge for transportation with consideration of rates and terms of their application.

14.2.8. At reservation the consigner is provided information according to high-priority parameters of transportation terms settled by the consigner and/or general transportation terms for each consigner.

14.2.9. Cargo reservation is open 14 days prior to flight performance. An agent reserves capacity for the date desired by the client or offers the nearest date on which there is free tonnage.

14.2.10. After confirmation of the necessary capacity a reservation agent informs the Consigner about the final date of payment (advanced payment) and the date of cargo delivery to an airport, as a rule, cargo should be delivered to an airport 24 hours before departure of a flight.

14.2.11. Reservation is deemed advanced until the Consigner pays for air transportation and the Agent confirms payment for air transportation of cargo announced for reservation to the Airline representative, but no later than 48 hours (hereinafter “Time Limit”) before the flight departure, and until the Agent gives the Consigner a duly issued traffic document, incase these terms are not observed, reservation is cancelled.

14.2.12. In case of arranging transfer cargo transportation, the Carrier should receive confirmation of reservation at all sectors of the cargo route (including sectors where transportation is performed by other carriers).

14.2.13. If the Consigner has paid for transportation but for some reasons wants or has to defer cargo departure to a later date, the Consigner should announce its intention to the Carrier no later than 24 hours before the date of flight by which cargo department was initially planned. Otherwise, the Consigner is obliged to reimburse the Carrier for non-use of reserved capacity and to reimburse expenses related to filing and reservation of departure and reservation deferring may be rejected.

14.2.14. Reservation may be deferred only by the same agent that filed and agreed the opportunity of departure.

14.2.15. If the Consigner refuses from transportation already paid for by it, the Consigner is obliged to inform the Carrier about it no later than 24 hours before performing a flight. In this case a sales agent cancels fled order and returns money paid, except for expenses related to issuing documents and reservation of transportation.

14.2.16. Reservation is cancelled without notifying the consigner in following cases:

  1. if the consigner has not provided cargo for transportation within tern settled by the carrier or an authorized agent;
  2. if the consigner has provided cargo with incorrectly executed documents necessary to fulfill requirements on border, customs, immigration, sanitary and quarantine, veterinary, quarantine and phytosanitary and other control types pursuant to legislation of the Russian Federation and/or legislation of the country in the territory, from the territory or through the territory of which transportation is performed.

14.3. Payment for Transportation

14.3.1. Air flights are sold under rates settled by the Carrier.

14.3.2. Amount of fee for cargo transportation is published in monetary units of the country of departure per a kilogram of cargo.

14.3.3. Carriage charge id determined on the basis of a sum of money settled by the carrier charged for a unit of weight/piece of cargo (hereinafter “Rates”) or a combinations of rates from the airport (point) from which transportation starts pursuant to a cargo air transportation agreement (hereinafter “Departure Airport (Point)”) to destination airport (point). Rates should be registered and published by the carrier pursuant to the settled procedure.

14.3.4. Carriage charge is stipulated in a traffic document.

14.3.5. Fee for transportation of passengers, baggage, cargoes performed under Aircraft Freight (Charter) Agreement is not stipulated in a traffic document.

14.3.6. Forms and procedure for carriage charge payment are settled by the carrier.

14.3.7. Carriage charge may be paid in advanced. In this case transportation may be paid for at one point of transportation service sales, while a traffic document may be executed in another point of transportation service sales.

14.3.8. At payment and/or issuing documents for transportation the carrier or an authorized agent is obliged to provide a passenger truthful and full information on transportation terms, including information:

  1. stipulated in an issued traffic document;
  2. on terms of a passenger air transportation agreement, items and things prohibited for transportations, special terms of baggage transportation, etc.;
  3. on terms of rate application;
  4. on the carrier’s regulations;
  5. on a carrier that will actually perform transportation;
  6. on way of travelling to the departure airport;
  7. on place and time of starting and finishing time for check-in for a flight;
  8. on general requirements on border, customs, immigration, sanitary and quarantine, veterinary, quarantine and phytosanitary control pursuant to legislation of the Russian Federation;
  9. on rules and the procedure for performing pre-flight and after-flight inspection of passengers and baggage;
  10. on terms of service aboard an aircraft;
  11. on aircraft type.

14.3.9. At payment for and/or issuing documents for transportation the carrier or an authorized agent provides the consigner truthful and full information on terms of transportation, including information:

  1. on terms of a cargo air transportation agreement;
  2. on regulations for cargo transportation;
  3. on terms of rate application;
  4. on general requirements on border, customs, immigration, sanitary and quarantine, veterinary, quarantine and phytosanitary control pursuant to legislation of the Russian Federation.

14.3.10. At payment for cargo transportation rates effective on the date of an air waybill issue are applied.

14.3.11. Air flights are sold according to rates settled by the Carrier.

14.3.12. Amount of transportation fee per kilogram of cargo (Gross weight).

14.3.13. Rates system is of graded nature:

  1. minimum charge (М);
  2. normal rate (N);
  3. quantitative rate (Q). 

Application of rate depends on the nature of cargo and its total weight.

14.3.14. Minimum rate is applied to cargoes with total weight up to 25 kg, normal rate is applied to cargoes with total weight up to 45 kg, quantitative rate is applied to cargoes with total weight over 45 kg.

14.3.15. Rates settled by the Carrier include fee for cargo transportation only (fee of air freight and cargo procession at apron – loading/unloading from aircraft) and do not include cost of additional services, such as customs clearance, "door-to-door" delivery, storage of and nay other charges (for transfer and other, charges and duties payable by the Consigner separately).

14.3.16. Term for making advanced payment for transportation is announced to the consigner at conformation of reservation and is limited, as a rule, by seventy-two hours before flight departure.

14.3.17. At cargo reservation after this term, time limit is settled so that a payment for transportation is made during the day when reservation is made. In case of cargo reservation less than 12 hours before flight, payment should be made immediately after reservation.

14.3.18. Amount of payment to be made is calculated by a sales agent considering data stipulated by the Consigner at cargo reservation. Final payment between the Carrier and the Consigner is made after cargo delivery to a warehouse, its measuring and issuing an air waybill (AWB).

14.3.19. Payment for cargo transportation may be cash or cashless.

14.3.20. In case of cashless payment, transportation is filed only after money receipt on the airline’s account.

14.3.21. Currency of payment is determined by effective legislation of a state in the territory of which flights are sold and by the Carrier’s internal instruction.

14.3.22. Cargoes transportation under credit payment (Charge Collect), payment upon receipt is not performed.

14.3.23. In case there is a special agreement between the Carrier and the Consigner, a sales agent filing traffic documents may accepts MCO coupons as payment for transportation.

14.3.24. Placed deposit is returned, in case of the Consigner’s non-use of transportation, at AK agency after the Consigner’s providing an application for return and MCO (with all coupons) within 3 months from the date of flight.Balance after writing off the cost of transportation from MCO is returned fully after providing a relevant MCO coupon(s).

Note:

Chargeable weight – is a larger weight among gross weight and volume weight calculated according to the formula АхВхС (cm)/6,000. Values of chargeable weight, gross weight expressed in kg are entered into respective columns of an air waybill.

14.4. Cargo Filing for Transportation

14.4.1. A waybill certifies conclusion of a cargo air transportation agreement, cargo acceptance for transportation and transportation terms.

14.4.2. A waybill contains data on cargo transportation during its carriage from the departure airport (point) to the destination airport (point) and data on payment for cargo transportation, in this case the first counterpart of a waybill is kept by the carrier and the second one is meant for a consignee and should be carried with cargo, the third counterpart is returned by the carrier or an authorized agent to a consigner after cargo acceptance.

14.4.3. An air waybill is issued on the basis of an application for cargo transportation signed by a consigner and a document that identifies the consigner’s personality or a power of attorney and a document that identifies personality of the bearer of the power of attorney.

14.4.4. An application for cargo transportation contains data necessary for cargo transportation, information on hazardous cargo and absence of items and substances forbidden for carriage.

14.4.5. If a cargo provided for transportation has peculiar properties or requires special transportation conditions, a consigner should stipulate it in a cargo transportation application.

14.4.6. A consigner is obliged to provide truthful and sufficient data necessary for a waybill issue.

14.4.7. A consigner is obliged to provide truthful and sufficient documents that prior for passing cargo to a consignee are necessary for fulfillment of requirements on border, customs, immigration, sanitary and quarantine, veterinary, quarantine and phytosanitary control types pursuant to legislation of the Russian Federation and/or legislation of the country in the territory, to the territory or through it. The carrier is not obliged to check truthfulness and sufficiency of these documents.

14.4.8. One or several pieces of cargo that follow under the same waybill for the same consignee (hereinafter “Consignment”) may be accepted for transportation.

14.4.9. A waybill is issued for air transportation for each consignment.

14.4.10. All necessary records in a waybill should be made during its issue. All copies of a waybill should be identical.

14.4.11. A waybill is amended by the carrier or an authorized agent upon agreement with the consigner and is certified with the seal or the carrier or an authorized agent.

14.4.12. A waybill should be signed by the carrier or an authorized agent and the consigner.

14.4.13. It is prohibited to stipulate a consignee’s address in a waybill as "hold for pickup".

14.4.14. A mark on peculiar properties of cargo, if any, or the necessity of special transportation conditions is put in a waybill.

14.4.15. If the carrier of an authorized agent has inspected the state of cargo, a mark on the inspection is put in a waybill.

14.4.16. A mark on a cargo declared value, cargo sealing performed is put in a waybill and a consigner’s sealing name is stipulated.

14.4.17. If a cargo value is not declared, a mark about the cargo value not declared is put in a waybill.

14.4.18. While transporting a cargo that according to a waybill is delivered to a transfer airport by one flight and is transported further by another flight of the same or another carrier (hereinafter “Transfer Cargo”), the carrier or an authorized agent issues a waybill that specifies transfer airports (points).

14.4.19. Cargo transportation to the destination airport (point) to which cargo should be delivered pursuant to a cargo air transportation agreement (hereinafter “Destination Airport (Point)”) by several carriers under the same traffic document or additional traffic documents issued together with it is considered to be a single transportation disregarding whether a change (reloading) or an interval in transportation took place.

14.5. Admission to the carriage of cargo

14.5.1. A cargo is accepted for transportation by airports and agents fulfilling intermediary functions between the consigner and the carrier.

14.5.2. Cargo is accepted for transportation at an airport warehouse directly from the consigner or a consigner’s agent.

14.5.3. A cargo is accepted for transportation on terms of its delivery to the destination point within settled terms without specifying a flight and departure date. Though the carrier may accept cargo for transportation with preconditioned date of its sending by a certain flight. In this case the consigner is obliged to deliver cargo to the airport or another point agreed with the carrier by the time stipulated by the consigner.

14.5.4. The Carrier is obliged to accept the goods and send it to coordinated flight.

14.5.5. Opportunity to accept cargo for transportation by aircrafts is determined by the carrier or the carrier’s sales agent. Before providing a cargo for transportation the consigner should give the carrier all necessary information regarding the cargo.

14.5.6. Separate pieces of cargo accepted for transportation should have weight, size or volume enabling their free placement and securing in baggage-cargo compartments of aircrafts and in containers and on pallets.

14.5.7. Weight of a separate piece should not be less than 5 kg and more than 200 kg, including a container and package.

14.5.8. Separate pieces of cargo deviating from limit weight, sizes and volume may be accepted for transportation upon special agreement with the carrier. Their transportation is paid for according to regulations for rates application.

14.5.9. Hazardous, perishable cargo, animals and other special cargoes are accepted for transportation upon agreement with the Carrier and pursuant to these Regulations.

14.5.10. The consigner should provide necessary documents pursuant to legislation of the Russian Federation and/or legislation of the country in the territory, from the territory or through the territory of which transportation is performed, international treaties, including Technical Instructions for the Safe Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Air (Doc 9284 AN/905 ICAO) and by the Carrier’s Regulations;

14.5.11. The Carrier may refuse to accept cargo for transportation if:

  1. a waybill filled-in and provided the consigner has no information required by these Regulations;
  2. weight, size or volume of a separate piece of baggage exceeds norms settled for transportation by aircrafts operated at airlines at which transportation will be performed;
  3. cargo container or package do not comply with requirement of these Regulations;
  4. the consigner has not provided necessary documents for cargo pursuant to sanitary, quarantine or other rules;
  5. cargo is not allowed for transportation due to its properties;
  6. cargo container or package has no transport or special marks;
  7. transportation of the provided cargo is limited by state authorities;
  8. there is an agreed decision on cargo value declaration.

14.5.12. In all cases when the consigner under plan, agreement or prior individual application provided cargo for transportation with violations of these Regulations and the carrier refused to accept the cargo for transportation , the cargo is deemed non-provided for transportation and a bilateral certificate is drawn up about it.

14.5.13. Procedure for filing and accepting a cargo consists of operations:

  1. reservation of initial and transfer cargoes;
  2. customs permit for cargo transportation (if necessary);
  3. cargo unloading from transport vehicles;
  4. weighing and marking;
  5. measuring volume;
  6. putting in a warehouse, storage with liability for damages;
  7. air waybill issue;
  8. payment for transportation;
  9. preparing a batch for flight;
  10. reloading to transport vehicles;
  11. transportation from a warehouse to aircraft parking;
  12. loading aboard aircraft;
  13. cargoes securing.

14.5.14. The Carrier bears no liability for issues of the Consigner’s relations with state services (customs, boarder, veterinary, quarantine, security service).

14.5.15. In case of providing cargo on behalf of a legal entity, the consigner submits a power of attorney in due form and in case cargo is provided by a natural person, he/she submits a document identifying personality (passport).

14.5.16. For the Consigner a document confirming cargo acceptance for transportation is a counterpart of air waybill AWB (original No.3, blue color) that is a document confirming an agreement for air transportation of this cargo.

14.6. Cargo Weighing

14.6.1. Weight of cargo is determined by parties at cargo acceptance for transportation unless otherwise is contemplated by transportation rules.

14.6.2. The Carrier, a Service Company, an Agent at cargo acceptance for transportation is obliged to weigh the cargo in presence of a representative/his/her authorized person and stipulate its gross weight in all air waybill forms. If during cargo weighing by the carrier a difference is revealed with a weight announced by the consigner, the final weight is deemed to be a weight found by the carrier. This index is entered into a waybill form.

14.6.3. Consignment consisting of several pieces is weighed in whole or by pieces. It is prohibited to determine the total weight of a consignment on the basis of selective weighing separate pieces of cargo.

14.6.4. In case of accepting for transportation bulky cargo and/or other oversized cargo, it is allowed to accept weight characteristics of cargo presented in the consigner’s technical documents, about which a relevant mark is put in a waybill.

14.6.5. The consigner bears liability for truthfulness of presented information on weight on bulky and other oversized cargo pursuant to current legislation.

14.6.6. In case of accepting for transportation cargo filed by an agent, the carrier may check truthfulness of data stipulate in a waybill.

14.7. Pre-Flight Inspection of Cargoes

14.7.1. Before loading aboard an aircraft a cargo undergoes pre-flight inspection of different types and by different methods with use of technical and special means and also pre-flight control weighing.

14.7.2. Pre-flight inspection and transportation of hazardous cargoes are performed pursuant to Annex 18 to the Chicago Convention on international civil aviation Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air and Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (Doc 9284 AN/905 ICAO).

14.7.3. In case there is no opportunity to perform inspection of cargo contents with use of technical and special means, with use of manual (contact) method or visually and also in case of receiving information on threat of unlawful interference act against a departing aircraft, upon decision of the head of an airport aviation security service it is allowed to:

  1. keep cargo before loading aboard an aircraft under safe conditions for a period no less than two hours over scheduled timed of flight performance by this aircraft to the destination point;
  2. check cargo in a decompression chamber for a period of scheduled time of flight performance by this aircraft to the destination point.

14.7.4. A cargo causing suspicions undergoes repeated pre-flight inspection with the purpose to find in it items and substances forbidden for transportation aboard an aircraft.

14.7.5. External package of cargo is subject to check. In case of a damage (violation of integrity), a cargo is not accepted for departure.

14.7.6. Upon finishing pre-flight examination a cargo is marked with identification stickers, mark of inspection is put in each counterpart of a waybill and cargo sheet.

14.7.7. Transit cargo that arrived to an airport is not inspected repeatedly if during its presence aboard an aircraft in the territory of the airport measures to prevent unauthorized access to the aircraft have been taken.

14.7.8. Transfer cargoes of an aircraft are subject to compulsory pre-flight inspection at intermediate airports before their mixing with inspected cargoes of the aircraft for which this transportation point is the starting point.

14.7.9. Cargoes carried aboard aircrafts under escort of armed officers of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation, military men of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, correspondence escorted by officers of National Courier Service of the Russian Federation and Intergovernmental Courier Service, when carried aboard passenger aircrafts, diplomatic bags and correspondence equated to them under international treaties of the Russian Federation, other official correspondence of foreign institutions and international organizations are not subject to manual inspection and suspension (hereinafter “Special Baggage”).

14.7.10. Items and substances found in a consignment that are in free sale but prohibited for air transportation are withdrawn with issuing a certificate of finding and withdrawal of hazardous cargoes, items or substances during inspection, the certificate is issued in two counterparts (or in necessary number of counterparts).

14.7.11. Withdrawn items and substances are passed to the consigner with a copy of the certificate.

14.7.12. A cargo is suspended and is not allowed for transportation (dispensing) aboard an aircraft in case of finding in it items and substances for unlawful manufacturing, carriage or storage of which criminal liability is suggested.

14.7.13. Control over loading of cargoes aboard an aircraft is performed by aviation security service staff.

14.7.14. Aircraft cargo should not contain items and substances prohibited by air transportation.

14.8. Requirements for Package and Marking

14.8.1. A cargo that needs a container or package to ensure its security should be provided for transportation in an undamaged container or package complying with relevant standards and a cargo for container and package of which standards are not settled should be provided in an undamaged container that ensures full security of the cargo during transportation and reloading.

14.8.2. A cargo should be packed with consideration of its specific properties and peculiarities so that a container and package ensure security of the cargo during air transportation and also prevented possibility of damaging another cargo, baggage carried together with the cargo, the carrier’s property, doing harm to life and health of passengers and crew member and to an aircraft.

14.8.3. A container or package should have clean outer surface, no sharpened angles, ledges and other things that may cause damage or dirtying of an aircraft, its equipment and baggage and other cargo carried together with it.

14.8.4. Metal, glass, ceramic, wooden, plastic and other containers into which liquid and other cargoes subject to transportation are packed should resist internal excess pressure depending on flight conditions (height, temperature, etc.) and guarantee complete prevention of leakage, spill or scattering of contents.

14.8.5. A cargo that has soft package should be tied round with strong ropes and sewn with the same threads without knots. On ends of threads there should be standard seals of the consigner with clear imprints of digital and letter signs.

14.8.6. Containers and package of cargo pieces provided for transportation with declared value should be sealed by the consigner. Seals should be standard, clear imprints of digital and letter signs.

14.8.7. In a waybill a mark is put about sealing performed and title of the consigner’s seals is specified.

14.8.8. Cargo is not accepted for transportation in case it is provided in a damaged container (package) or in a container (package) that does not conform to the character or properties of cargo or conditions of its transportation by air transport.

14.8.9. The carrier may refuse to accept and transport cargo if a container and/or package does not ensure its security.

14.8.10. Package of hazardous cargoes provided for transportation should comply with requirements of Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air of ICAO and IATA.15.6.12 Dangerous Goods Regulations. Heavy and/or oversized cargo may be transported without package upon agreement with the Carrier if it is allowed by technical specification of their transportation.

14.8.11. Containers of heavy cargoes should be meant for a load equal to a cargo weight with consideration of acceleration factor suggested for this aircraft type.

14.8.12. A transfer cargo that arrived to a reload (transfer) airport in a package that does not ensure its security is repacked at expense of the departure airport. During repacking each cargo piece is opened. A report on it is drawn up and is sent with the cargo to the destination airport.

14.8.13. Each piece of cargo being carried should have transport marks contemplated by GOST (National Standard). Marks should be legible, clear and put strongly on cargo package or, in case of cargo carriage without package, marks are put directly on a cargo or special tag.

14.8.14. Transport marks, except for an inscription made by the Carrier or a Service Company, sales agent, are made by the consigner before providing cargo for transportation.

14.8.15. Transport marks contain major, additional and, if necessary, informational inscriptions and handling instructions, symbols showing ways of cargo handling.

  1. Major inscriptions should contain:
    1. full name of a consignee;
    2. name of the destination point (airport);
    3. number of consignment pieces;
    4. order number of a piece in a consignment.
  2. Additional inscriptions should contain:
    1. full name of the consignee;
    2. name of the departure point (airport);
    3. inscription of a transportation company (aviation enterprise).
  3. Inscription of a transportation company/service company/agent should contain:
    1. waybill number;
    2. encoded name of the departure airport;
    3. number of pieces of this consignment.
  4. Informational inscriptions should contain:
    1. gross and net weight, kg;
    2. dimensions;
    3. volume of cargo, cubic cm.

Note:

It is allowed to use warning inscriptions if it is impossible to express the way of cargo handling by handling signs.

14.8.16. In case of transportation of special cargo types, it is compulsory to use additional marks pursuant to regulations for transportation of special cargo types.

14.9. Transportation of Different Cargo Types

14.9.1. Light Cargo.

  1. Light cargo is considered a cargo weight of which is over 0,006 cubic meters (6,000 cubic cm) per 1 kg gross. To measure volume each piece of cargo is taken as a rectangular prism. To measure volume of a piece of cargo its maximum linear dimensions, length, height and width, are multiplied. Volume of a kilogram gross is determined by division of piece volume by cargo weight.
  2. Light cargo is accepted for transportation by volume weight.

14.9.2. Hazardous Cargo, Arms and Ammunition:

  1. Hazardous cargoes include substances that during transportation, loading, unloading and storage may cause an explosion, fire, damage or deterioration of aircraft and their equipment, buildings, structures and also injuries, poisonings, burns and irradiation of people and animals. Consigner’s Declaration for Hazardous Cargoes should be compulsory issued for hazardous cargoes, which constitutes an Appendix for an air waybill.
  2. Air transportation of hazardous cargoes is performed under strict fulfillment of requirements set forth in IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations that include:
    1. limitations on packing;
    2. strict fulfillment of requirements on a package;
    3. putting relevant marks and danger signs on the outer side of packages;
    4. presence of relevant documents;
    5. fulfillment of special requirements on separate storage, sorting and warehousing of hazardous cargoes;
    6. observation of prohibition to transport a certain group of hazardous cargoes by passenger aircraft;
    7. observation of prohibition to transport a certain group of hazardous cargoes by air.
  3. A hazardous cargo is allowed for air transportation only upon permission of the Carrier and also of the departure, transfer, transit and destination airports. A hazardous cargo is provided for transportation no later than 48 hours prior to its departure.
  4. At provision of a hazardous cargo for transportation, the consigner is obliged to fulfill all requirements of the Carrier on observation of regulations for hazardous cargo transportation, its package, marks, documents execution and ensuring transportation safety. The consigner is obliged to provide the Carrier all fastening and firefighting means, neutralizing materials, etc.
  5. A container (package) of hazardous cargo should comply with requirements settled by current standards and procedure for hazardous cargo transportation in the sphere of civil aviation. Joint packing of a hazardous cargo in the same container with other cargo is prohibited.
  6. Pieces (boxes, barrels, tanks, etc.) with poisonous substances, compressed and liquefied gases should be sealed by the consigner. The consigner is obliged to paste a special marking label on the top and on one of the sides of each piece package. In an air waybill the consigner is obliged to stipulate a category of hazardous cargo and, if necessary, provide permission for transportation and safety certificate.
  7. In case of providing for transportation a cargo that is not stipulated in the list of hazardous cargoes but the title of which causes doubts in possibility to accept it for transportation on general terms, the consigner is obliged to provide the Carrier a description of the nature of cargo and its properties with confirmation that the cargo does not belong to the category of hazardous ones.
  8. A hazardous cargo is brought in the departure airport on time stipulated by the Carrier.
  9. A highly hazardous cargo is not weighed when accepted for transportation and dispensed by the Carrier. Liability for accurate specification of weight is put on the consigner. Though, if necessary, the Carrier may control weight of hazardous cargo being carried using the consigner’s scales.
  10. Hazardous cargo transportation is performed, if possible, by direct flights without reloading.
  11. If damages or signs of leakage are noticed on package of hazardous cargo during loading aboard aircraft, its transportation should be immediately stopped. All staff engaged in loading (unloading) should be informed about presence of the damage (leakage) on packages of hazardous cargo to prevent harm to their health.
  12. If damage or signs of leakage are noticed on a package containing hazardous cargo aboard aircraft during a flight, immediate measures should be taken to eliminate the damage. If it is noticed on packages containing infectious substances (class 6.2. danger sign RIS), careful handling of this cargo should be introduced (abrupt movements should be avoided) and movement of the package should be minimized. All Carriers along the transportation route and the consigner and/or consignee should be informed about violations during transportation.
  13. The consigner of hazardous cargo is obliged to inform the consignee about cargo sending and time of its arrival.
  14. The consignee of hazardous cargo should arrive to receive it at the destination airport by the time stipulated by the Carrier. A cargo is dispensed to the consignee immediately after unloading from aircraft, without bringing it to warehouse premises and weighing.
  15. In case of damage of hazardous cargo package, the cargo is also dispensed to the consignee without weighing. Check of hazardous cargo weight is performed consignee’s warehouse in presence of the Carrier’s representative who should escort the damaged cargo to the consignee’s warehouse, take part in weighing and sign a Certificate of State of Package and Cargo Weight.
  16. In case a hazardous cargo is not taken within a settled term, the Carrier may address local authorities for assistance in immediate receipt of this cargo by the consignee.
  17. Individual arms and ammunition for them are accepted for transportation, relevant documents are executed, they are delivered aboard aircraft at the departure airport and dispensed at the destination airport by authorized airport SAB staff.
  18. Control over observation the procedure for transportation of arms and ammunition for them aboard aircraft and their inspection is performed by aviation security service staff and bodies of the Interior at transport pursuant to legislation of the RF and in their absence by a designated aircraft crew member.
  19. Arms of passengers who have the right for their storage and carriage are obligatory passed to aircraft commander for temporary storage during a period of aircraft flight. This rule does not apply to officers of the Federal Guard Service of the RF, National Courier Service under the Government of the RF being on duty and also military men and officers of other state paramilitary organizations who have a relevant duty order or escort people under convoy.
  20. For transportation of arms aboard in an isolated baggage aircraft compartment there should be a metal lock box with walls no less than 1.2 mm wide painted red.
  21. At aircraft that have no isolated baggage compartments arms and ammunition for them are carried in the cockpit in sealed bags made of dense cloth.
  22. When accepting hazardous cargoes for transportation, the airline or an authorized agent should make sure that:
    1. these items and substances are not prohibited for air transportation;
    2. cargoes are duly classified, packed, marked and labeled;
    3. the consigner’s declaration is correctly filled in and signed;
    4. no item or substance constituting a highly hazardous is loaded in packaging means (on a pallet or in a container) prepared for departure by the consigner or a cargo transportation agent, which is strictly prohibited.
  23. A compulsory requirement of Rules for Transportation of Dangerous Goods is notifying the aircraft commander about presence of a hazardous cargo aboard an aircraft and place of its loading should be stipulated in writing in a standard form of notification NОТОС).
  24. A cargo should be packed with consideration of its special properties in order to ensure its security under regular handling during transportation and to prevent the possibility of doing harm to people or damage of other cargo or the carrier’s property.

14.9.3. Heavy and Oversized.

  1. Heavy cargoes without containers should be provided for transportation assembled on special wooden pallets or should be fit with binders and in the form of wooden bars and boards so that load on aircraft floor does not exceed the settled norm and ensures opportunity for work of loading and unloading equipment.
  2. Weight of one piece of heavy cargo carried without reloading on the route should not exceed 200 kg and of those carried with reloading on the route should not exceed 150 kg. In other cases additional agreement with the Carrier is necessary.
  3. Heavy and oversized cargoes are carried both packed and without package if is allowed by technical conditions of their transportation. Containers of heavy cargoes should be meant for a load equal to a cargo weight with consideration of acceleration factor.
  4. Loading (unloading) of heavy and oversized cargoes is performed in presence of a responsible employee of the Carrier under command of a person in charge for aircraft commercial loading.
  5. Heavy and oversized cargoes should be brought to an airport within terms agreed with the Carrier.
  6. The consigner is obliged to inform the consignee timely about sending heavy cargoes to it. The departure airport informs the destination airport about the same.
  7. The consignee of heavy and oversized cargoes upon agreement provides transport and labor force by the moment of aircraft arrival and carries cargoes from an airport immediately after their unloading.
  8. At transportation of a heavy and oversized cargo the Carrier or an authorized agent during reservation of such flights is obliged to check fulfillment of all formalities necessary for this route to be sure that:
    1. no limitations are exceeded;
    2. there is all necessary ground loading and unloading equipment and labor force;
    3. loading and unloading is performed according to schedule during aircraft’s stop on the ground.
  9. Airports included in a loading and unloading plan are at a reasonable time sent a request to receive their agreement for cargo acceptance: the request should contain the following minimum information enabling them to estimate requirement for loading and unloading:
    1. weight of each unit;
    2. dimensions of each unit (Length х Width х Height) in clearly stipulated units of measurement;
    3. other useful information regarding cargo handling, for example, description of cargo, its general form, how it can be lifted. Before departure it is necessary to receive confirmation from a relevant airport(s) about readiness to accept the cargo.
  10. Information on heavy and bulky cargoes being carried is included in a special notification to the aircraft commander.
  11. In case of bulky cargo transportation, in a respective column of a loadsheet location of an aircraft, weight of cargo and bulky cargo code are stipulated.

14.9.4. Perishable Cargo.

  1. Perishable cargoes are the cargoes state of which or their fitness for a certain purpose may deteriorate as a result of undesirable changes of temperature, humidity or delay in delivery. A perishable cargo may be accepted for transportation if it is known that there is an opportunity to deliver it to the place of destination timely and in good state.
  2. The consigner should provide written information on the maximum allowed delivery term and on special requirement for loading – unloading. This information should be stipulated in an air waybill and on a cargo package.
  3. Before acceptance the Carrier or an authorized agent should make sure of fulfillment of all necessary formalities, including:
    1. notifying the consigner about the maximum possible time before departure of a flight for which the airline has accepted the cargo;
    2. timely reservation;
    3. guarantee to provide, if necessary, measures and means for special treatment , special equipment, for example, for repeated freezing of products, etc.
    4. availability of quality certificates, veterinary licenses (certificates) or due form certificates.
  4. Changes of temperature and humidity during transportation may influence perishable cargoes. To reduce the possibility of goods spoiling, a package should resist these climatic impacts. Material used should be strong enough for cargo stacking.
  5. Perishable cargos may be divided in the following groups:
    1. product of plant origin (fruit, berries, vegetable, etc);
    2. products of animal origin (meat of animals and poultry, fish, eggs, caviar, etc.);
    3. derived products (butter, fats, frozen fruit and vegetables, meat and sausage products, cheeses, etc.);
    4. live plants, flowers, nursery plants, tubers, seeds;
    5. live fish seeds (young fishes, underyearling fishes, etc);
    6. contained blood.
  6. From regions claimed to be under quarantine cargoes may be accepted for transportation only upon the consigner’s providing quarantine documents.
  7. Quality licenses (certificates) should be issued on the day of providing a perishable cargo for transportation and submitted by the consigner separately for each consignment. In quality licenses and certificates maximum transportation terms for such cargoes and technical requirements for their treatment are stipulated.
  8. If for any reasons beyond the Carrier’s control perishable cargoes cannot be sent timely, the Carrier is obliged to inform the consigner about it immediately and return to it the cargo and transportation fee.
  9. Perishable cargoes should be packed in standard containers and comply with requirements of technical specifications. In case of providing perishable cargoes in a non-standard package upon the Carrier’s agreement, the consigner is obliged to make a record in an air waybill about the consigner’s undertaking liability for damage and lack of cargoes.
  10. Norms of natural wastage of fruit and vegetable products, frozen fish, meat and meat products during air transportation and the procedure for their application are stipulated by specially authorized RF agencies.
  11. Transportation of perishable cargoes is performed, as a rule, by direct flights. In exceptional circumstances, it is allowed to accept perishable cargoes for transportation by with one reloading along the transportation route.
  12. Delays during transportation of perishable cargoes should be minimized. In case of delay of flight carrying the above mentioned cargo, depending on time of delay, available means, equipment and alternative flight the following measures should be taken:
    1. intense conditioning of aircraft compartments;
    2. delivery of perishable cargo to warehouse premises with relevant equipment ensuring the necessary temperature conditions for its storage;
    3. reloading to another aircraft or reservation of another flight;
    4. temperature regulation and refilling containers, if any, with dry ice.
  13. The Carrier may realize cargoes pursuant to the settled procedure without waiting for the consigner’s decision if delay of cargoes realization may result in their deterioration or complete impossibility to use them as intended. The Carrier is obliged to inform the consigner and consignee about realization of these cargoes.
  14. The consigner is obliged to inform the Carrier about perishable cargo’s sensitivity to temperature changes during a flight and about the necessity to place it in an appropriate place aboard aircraft.
  15. Perishable cargoes are loaded so that access was not inhibited in case of unloading on the route or at the destination point.
  16. Substances and items cooled by dry ice and perishable cargo containing liquid or moist should be handed as wet cargo.
  17. Substances and cargoes cooled by dry ice should be handled according to requirements for hazardous cargoes transportation.
  18. Food products are not loaded to the same aircraft compartment with poisons or infectious substances if there is no opportunity to distribute them in different compartments or cargo packaging means. Food products should not be placed aboard aircraft near animals or non-cremated human remains.
  19. A list of perishable cargoes during storage and service of which special rules should be observed and all cases of flight delay or route alteration should be included in a notification to the aircraft commander.
  20. At perishable cargo loading aboard aircraft packages should be carefully put one on another so that lower packages were not damaged by excessively heavy weight of upper ones. If a perishable cargo is transported in such a quantity that its packages have to be put one on another, it is necessary to try, if possible, to leave space between packages when they are loaded to an aircraft.

14.9.5. Special Cargo.

  1. Special cargo is considered to be a cargo that due to its nature requires special care and handling during transportation, sorting and carriage.
  2. Embalmed or cremated human remains and animal remains are accepted for air transportation, provided there is a relevant package ensuring observation of security and sanitary norms.
  3. At special cargo acceptance for transportation, the consigner should additionally provide certificates of death and sanitary authorities certificates on absence of obstacles for this transportation on their behalf (in case of human remains transportation) and sanitary authorities certificate (in case of animal remains transportation).
  4. Embalmed human remains should be transported in a leakproof sealed internal leaded or zinc container put into a wooden coffin.
  5. Usually coffins are classified as heavy cargo pieces (HEA).
  6. Coffins should be loaded in horizontal and under no circumstances in vertical position.
  7. Cremated human remains should be transported in burial urns secure from blows and out into a solid outer container.
  8. Animal remains should be carried in special leakproof boxes.
  9. Transportation of unembalmed human remains and animal remains is performed according to gross weight and filed under air waybills.
  10. Details on international transportation of cargo classified as human remains should be included in notification to the aircraft Commander about cargo being carried “NOTOC”. An air waybill and load manifest should contain special code “HUM”.
  11. Human remains, as a rule, are transported with escorting people. An escorting person should have a passenger ticket.
  12. Coffins and urns with human remains and boxes with animal remains are accepted for transportation by cargo and passenger aircraft. Their transportation by passenger aircraft is allowed if there are isolated from passengers baggage and cargo premises. Human remains are carried aboard passenger aircraft that do not have isolated baggage and cargo premises by special flights only.
  13. To perform transfer transportation of non-cremated human remains, permission of departure, transfer and destination airports (points) is necessary.
  14. Loading of non-cremated human remains and animal remains to passenger aircraft is performed before passengers boarding, they are unloaded at the destination airport after passenger debarkation and baggage unloading.
  15. Non-cremated human remains and animal remains should not be loaded near food products. From the moral and ethic perspective, they should not be loaded to the same compartment with live animals either.
  16. A aircraft crew member in charge of commercial loading and transfer and destination airports are informed about presence of non-cremated human remains or animal remains aboard.
  17. Performance of official seeing off, meeting and rituals during human remains loading and unloading from aircraft is not allowed.

14.9.6. Transportation of Drugs and Psychotropic Agents.

  1. Transportation of drugs and psychotropic agents, substances and medicines on their basis is governed by the Instruction on the Procedure for Transportation of Drugs and Psychotropic Agents by Air Transport in the RF.
  2. The said cargoes are accepted for transportation, provided that they are escorted by a specially assigned person from the consigner (consignee).
  3. Transportation of drug products is performed by direct flights only.
  4. At acceptance of medicines for transportation the Carrier is obliged to require from the consigner a certificate on drug substances presence (absence) in them. In this case this information should be provided on terms of confidentiality.

14.9.7. «Wet Cargo».

  1. Batches of cargoes that contain liquid or are able by their nature to produce liquid but are not listed in IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations are considered “wet cargo”.
  2. “Wet Cargo” includes the following types of cargo:
    1. liquids in waterproof containers;
    2. moist materials that are not packed in waterproof containers, for example, fish and mollusks packed with use of wet ice, fresh or frozen meat, wet skins or hides, etc.;
    3. cargoes able to produce liquids, for example, live cargo.
  3. To prevent spilling or leakage special requirements for «wet cargo» transportation should be observed.
  4. Packages should close securely and have a structure preventing loss of the contents. Bags and sacks should be waterproof and tied tightly so that their contents do not scatter away during transportation.
  5. Waterproof containers should comply with requirements of IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations. Such containers are usually used for transportation of wine, essential oils, coloring agents, etc.
  6. Waterproof containers should be manufactured from high-quality waterproof materials and, moreover, should be constructed in the way to resist stacking to the height stipulated by the carrier. Container types for loading animals are set forth in IATA Live Animals Regulations.
  7. An aircraft, packaging means and neighboring cargoes should be protected from possible spilling of “wet cargo” as the customer’s requirements and expenses for cleaning and repairs are rather high. Therefore, it is necessary to observe certain precaution measures.
  8. Aircraft floor and walls and/or packaging means should be protected by plastic sheets or tarpaulin that blocks spilled or leaked out liquid. Edges of plastic sheets or tarpaulin should be turned up near an aircraft wall or packaging means or other cargo forming a kind of a tub around a «wet cargo».
  9. Containers for «wet cargo» should be placed in vertical position, i.e. so that a locking device was on the top. It is necessary to observe strictly rules of handling these goods set forth in special instructions (stickers and stamps) attached to a container, such as «THIS WAY UP» sticker.
  10. Damaged packages or packages that may be deemed damaged (i.e. a package with holes, ruptures, signs of leakage, lids or locking devices in non-working condition) may not be loaded in packaging means or aircraft.
  11. Actions in case of wet cargo leakage:
    1. if there is liquid leakage, a person in charge for loading (unloading) should immediately notify the Carrier in order to take relevant measures;
    2. documents should be viewed in order to detect the type of liquid that caused leakage.
  12. In case of wet cargo transportation, special service code «WET» should be stipulated in an air waybill and load manifest. Marks on wet cargo packs should contain the inscription «THIS WAY UP» to show their correct orientation.
  13. Live cargo includes any living things (small and large animals, fur game, birds, fish, crawfishes, fish seeds, bees, snakes, laboratory animals, etc.).
  14. Live cargo is accepted for transportation only upon compulsory Carrier’s providing veterinary permissions (certificates) and, in necessary, permissions of quarantine service bodies. Large animals (beasts) may be accepted for transportation only upon agreement of Carrier’s official.
  15. Transportation of live cargo is performed, as a rule, with escorting persons designated by the consigner and consignee. The escorting persons bear responsibility for security of animals, beasts, birds, fish and other living things, take care of them and feed them on the route, ensure ventilation of transport vehicles and are responsible for safety of other people.
  16. The consigner provides for transportation of live cargo special transportation means (cages, pallets, containers, etc.) and secondary equipment for them, necessary feeds, drinking water, inventory for feeding and giving water on the route, litter and fastening materials, veterinary kit and working clothes for escorting persons. The consigner is also obliged to provide a stock of feeds for the case of aircraft unforeseen delay on the route.
  17. A crew should be informed about presence of a live animal cargo aboard an aircraft by means of filling in a form of notification to the aircraft commander about presence of special category cargo aboard an aircraft.
  18. In case there is a batch of live animal cargo aboard, live animal cargo code (AVI) should be stipulated in respective columns of a loadsheet and a telegram about aircraft loading in which place and cargo weight are stipulated.
  19. Poultry is usually considered one-day chickens, turkey chicks, ducklings or goslings.
  20. Poultry is very sensitive to such climatic changes as temperature and humidity changes. The optimum temperature range is within the limits from 15°С (59°Р) to 20°С (68°Р).
  21. As poultry is usually carried in large quantity, special care should be taken to ensure sufficient air circulation and correct boxes stacking preventing their damage:
    1. boxes with poultry should not be loaded into closed packaging means;
    2. when boxes with poultry are stacked, no less than 40 cm (or 15 inches) should be left between the upper boxes and aircraft ceiling.
  22. Aquarium fishes (both tropical and living in cold water) should be transported in polyethylene bags filled with water by approximately one third. The remaining two thirds of the volume should be filled with pure oxygen. The consigner is responsible for use of ice cubes and chemicals (such as methylene-blue), volume of water in a container and number of fishes in it.
  23. A polyethylene bag should be sealed with elastic band and put into another polyethylene bag sealed the same way as the first one.
  24. Both bags with fishes are put in an outer container of card board, wood or waste of woodwork industry, any plastic or polystyrene foam that are strong enough. To prevent sharp edges or locks of the outer container from inner bag rupture, it is recommended to use outer container of polystyrene bottom and upper sides.
  25. During transportation of tropical fishes necessary heat insulation should be provided for each packaging means so that water temperature remained equal to 20°С (or 70° Р) for at least 48 hours.
  26. Tropical fishes should be placed in spot where environmental temperature minimizes heat exchange.

14.9.8. Transportation of Valuable and Sensitive Cargo.

  1. By valuable cargo a batch of goods is considered that contains one or several items or substances from the below mentioned points:
    1. gold bars (including pure gold bars and crude bars), gold coins, pure gold in grains, gold in plates, in sheets, in powder, wire gold, tubular gold, in disks, drained gold, platinum, platinum metals (palladium, iridium, ruthenium, osmium, rhodium) and platinum alloys in grains, spongy , in bricks, in bars, in sheets, in wire, ribbon (except for radioactive isotopes of above mentioned metals and alloys that are transported according to separate instructions);
    2. monetary banknotes, checks, coupons (not including coins);
    3. diamonds (including diamonds for industrial purposes), rubies, emeralds, sapphires, opals, pearls (including synthetic);
    4. precious jewelry and clocks of gold, platinum and silver;
    5. substances or items of gold and (or) platinum or covered with platinum.
  2. «Sensitive cargo» may be defined as:
    1. a cargo value of which is not declared but that requires careful handling as a matter of fact, for example, works of art, antiquities, unique instruments and other items of high cost and constituting large historic value;
    2. airline (aviation enterprise) documents, for example, air waybills, tickets, etc.;
    3. diplomatic baggage (if it is declared as valuable);
    4. drugs.
  3. To ensure security of valuable and sensitive cargo, necessary safety measures should be taken at commercial warehouses during performing loading and unloading works, customs procedures and ground transportation that should be determined by instructions and the Carrier’s terms.
  4. All valuable cargo should be served as a separate category independently from general cargo.
  5. Only a limited group of people should be informed about value of cargo, its contents, transportation route, storage place and they are given only the details to be considered during service.
  6. A valuable cargo is reserved and special measures for ensuring safety are taken before its acceptance.
  7. Safety measures during valuable cargo procession depend completely on local conditions and should be taken by the Carrier according to them.
  8. A valuable cargo should not be placed on the same packaging means with consolidated batch of cargo that is not valuable.
  9. Detailed information on a valuable cargo should be included in a special notification to the aircraft commander.
  10. At valuable cargo acceptance for transportation the Carrier is obliged to examine carefully package of each piece of cargo, its marks, check integrity and undamaged state of edging. Integrity of a sealing cord and wiring, correctness, integrity and undamaged state of seals of sealed cargoes should be checked. Valuable cargoes package of which does not comply with the listed requirements are not accepted for transportation.
  11. For safety purposes, valuable cargo transportation from one airport to another should (may) be escorted.
  12. Several items of cargo may be packed together if they are transported to the same destination airport. From the same place.
  13. If dimensions enable it, a valuable cargo is packed in specially dedicated bags for valuable cargo. Each packing bag should bear a sign specifying unloading airport, air waybill number. A packing bag for valuable cargo should be made of bright red, orange cloth or any other non-transparent material and after its loading it should be sealed.
  14. Structure of safes or containers ensuring security of valuable cargo storage should meet the following requirements:
    1. preventing possibility of taking something from or putting inside without visible signs of damage;
    2. opportunity to attach locks and seals to the structure;
    3. absence of invisible places where things may get lost;
    4. availability of all containers for examination.
  15. All devices ensuring safety of valuable cargo storage should be locked, stamped, sealed. Seals and stamps should be stored locked, they should bear the following:
    1. stamp or seal number;
    2. name of a person who received a seal, time, date;
    3. flight number and destination place.
  16. Preliminary data on valuable cargo movement should include the term “Valuable Cargo” only, while actual description of cargo, its value, etc. should be avoided.
  17. During valuable cargo transportation it is allowed upon agreement with SAB and taking necessary safety measures to destack such containers immediately neat aircraft in presence of the consignee and the Carrier’s representative.
  18. Valuable cargo transportation with engagement of money collectors is performed pursuant to the Instruction on Bank’s Values Transportation.
  19. In case of valuable cargo transportation, an air waybill and a load manifest should contain special service code «VAL».

14.9.9. Service Cargo Transportation

  1. Service cargoes include aviation and technical property and spare parts meant for idle aircrafts and also property the consigner and consignee of which is the Carrier.
  2. To file and accept service cargo for transportation, a request (application) for service cargo transportation is drawn up or a letter with a visa of the airline head or an authorized person.
  3. Transportation of cargo for idle aircraft is filed out of turn and it is sent by the nearest flight.
  4. The special mark «For Idle aircraft» is put on packages of aviation technical property and spare parts provided for transportation for idle aircraft..

14.9.10. Cargo Transportation by Charter Flights.

  1. Cargo transportation by charter flights is performed pursuant to conditions of Aircraft Freight (Charter) Agreement concluded between the Carrier (Charteree) and the consigner (Charterer) for a certain period and upon one-time written applications. Charter flights are performed to civil aerodromes only.
  2. When coordinating volumes of cargo transportation by charter flights, the Carrier considers:
    1. feasibility of charter flights performance, taking into account opportunity of transportation by aircraft flights under the schedule;
    2. technical capabilities to provide aircraft from the available stock and ground equipment for cargo procession for flights;
    3. grounds for volumes suggested for transportation by charter flights;
    4. opportunity to ensure high efficiency of aircraft use;
    5. cargoes compliance with requirements for ensuring flight safety.
  3. Tickets should be issued compulsory for any and all passengers travelling by a charter flight as persons escorting cargo. Tickets are issued pursuant to the settled procedure.
  4. Procedure for traffic documents issue at cargo acceptance for transportation by charter flights is the same as for cargo transportation by regular flights under the schedule.

14.9.11. Transfer Cargo Transportation.

  1. Cargoes subject to transportation with reloading in one or more intermediate airports are deemed transfer and accepted for transportation only upon agreement with reloading airports.
  2. At transfer cargo acceptance for transportation at the departure airport, the first Carrier is the responsible Carrier and it issues an air waybill for the whole route sector. The responsible Carrier is obliged to specify in the air waybill name of the destination airport and transfer airports and also arrange cargo transportation along the shortest routes possible.
  3. If at a transfer airport alterations are introduced in the travel route or the Carrier is replaced on certain route sectors, when cargo is passed in these sectors to another Carrier, a mark on the changes is put in a transfer manifest.
  4. Weight, dimensions and nature of a transfer cargo should fit for conditions of its air transportation and also storage conditions at transfer airport. Sending Carrier that accept transfer cargoes for transportation are obliged to take into consideration technical features of aircraft by which cargo will be transported from transfer airports to the destination airport.
  5. Transportation of perishable, heavy and oversized cargoes with reloading at transfer airports is allowed only upon request and permission from the said airports.
  6. For regular flight, a transfer airport that has given permission for reloading is obliged to ensure timely delivery of cargo to the destination airport by direct flight. If permission for reloading is given not to the destination point but to next reloading point, the airport that has given permission is obliged to ensure timely delivery of received cargo directly to that point by direct flight also.
  7. In case of transfer transportation, the same quantity of cargo may be filed under one air waybill as at initial cargo departures.
  8. In case of revealing transportation violations at transfer airports, cargoes are weighed again and a Report on Revealed Violations is issued, in certain cases a Commercial Report may be issued as well, if there are the consigner’s representatives at transfer airports, and, if necessary, a Report on Opening pursuant to the due procedure in three counterparts. Cargoes that arrived to a transfer airport with violations should be compulsory repacked at expense of an airport that sent them. These cargoes are sent further after elimination of the violations according to their actual weight with reports enclosed.
  9. Transfer cargoes accepted for transportation are under special control.
  10. A crew should be informed about presence of a transfer cargo aboard an aircraft by means of filling in a form of notification to the aircraft commander.

14.9.12. Transportation of Diplomatic Materials.

  1. Diplomatic materials may be transported as diplomatic mail or as a diplomatic cargo.
  2. When diplomatic materials are transported as diplomatic mail, special international documents are used and this guarantees highest safety level.
  3. A diplomatic cargo is transported under an air waybill with use of regular procedures for procession and filing documents for cargo, if there are no special agreements between individual Carriers and local official representatives.
  4. Diplomatic materials are packed according to rules and instructions of relevant agencies.
  5. Contents of cargo should be stipulated in an air waybill as «Diplomatic Cargo». Due to the confidential nature of this cargo, it should be given special attention.

14.9.13. Cargo Transportation with Escorting Persons.

  1. Upon agreement with the Carrier the consigner may provide cargoes for transportation on terms of escort by its specially dedicated person (an escorting person), a representative of the consigner and consignee.
  2. At transportation of certain categories of cargoes the consigner is obliged to provide an escorting person or guards upon the Carrier’s request.
  3. Transportation of cargo with escorting persons is performed under the consigner or consignee’s liability depending on who designated the escorting person.
  4. At transportation filing a mark is put in an air waybill that the cargoes are transported under escort of the consigner’s (consignee’s) representative and the following is stipulated: full name of the escorting person; title and number of a document identifying his/her personality; travel order and passenger ticket number.
  5. Cargoes carried with an escorting person are accepted for transportation on a regular basis.
  6. An escorting person should have a passenger ticket purchased on a regular basis. The procedure for privileged transportation of escorting persons is settled by the Carrier’s regulations. Pre-flight issue of documents for an escorting person is performed in complete accordance with Regulations for Passengers and Baggage Service.
  7. An escorting person travels together with a cargo and is seated in aircraft cabin.
  8. During dispensing a cargo transported with escort, the cargo is not weighed, except for cases when partial loss or damage of cargo happened for reasons beyond control of an escorting person.
  9. An escorting person is obliged to:
    1. undergo instructing on rules of emergency survival equipment use and actions in case of aircraft landing under emergency circumstances;
    2. be present at cargo loading aboard aircraft at the departure airport;
    3. watch the state of cargo, its security and fastening reliability;
    4. take all necessary measures to ensure cargo security;
    5. prevent cargo movement without permission from aircraft crew members;
    6. fulfill orders of the aircraft commander during flight in full obedience;
    7. not allow strangers to the cargo;
    8. when escorting a perishable cargo, in case of delay at an intermediate airport, inform the Carrier’s representative immediately about the state of cargo, feasibility of its taking off the flight and realization;
    9. when escorting animals, feed and give them water, clean premises;
    10. if necessary, inform the Carrier’s representative about the state of cargo and cases of transportation rules violation;
    11. have a Power of Attorney for cargo receipt at the destination airport if cargo receipt is assigned to an escorted person;
    12. be present at cargo unloading from aircraft and escort cargo till taking it from the territory of an airport;
    13. control correctness of placing and fastening of cargo aboard aircraft;
    14. take personal and public safety measures, have necessary instruments and means for correcting faults, know the rules of handing this cargo in case of fire fighting or poisoning, have personal protective equipment and know the rules of their use while escorting hazardous cargo.
  10. The Carrier is obliged to assist the accompanying person in the performance by him/her of his/her duties.
  11. In cases if damage threatens a cargo and it is impossible to deliver it in good condition, an escorted person is obliged to take measures for cargo realization according to the settled procedure. In this case the Carrier is obliged to provide necessary assistance to an escorting person upon his/her written application. The consigner is obliged to reimburse the Carrier all expenses connected with providing assistance to the escorting person in cargo realization.
  12. In case of the escorting person’s disease or under other circumstances when he/she cannot escort a cargo, the Carrier is obliged to check presence and state of the cargo and issue a certificate about it. Cargo transportation in such cases is performed on a regular basis under the Carrier’s liability. In case of designating another escorting person, the consignee (consigner) is obliged to reimburse the Carrier all expenses on the cargo maintenance.

14.9.14. Transportation of Cargo in Consolidated Batches.

  1. A consolidated batch of cargo constitutes a batch of several cargo pieces received from more than one person each of which has concluded an air transportation agreement with another person (a freight forwarder or agent) different from a regular Carrier.
  2. A consolidated cargo consists of separate batches of cargo sent by a freight forwarder or agent and delivered by the Carrier to the destination airport under the same general air waybill to the same freight agent that arranges destacking of a consolidated batch of cargoes and their further passing to a freight forwarder for delivery to one or several consignees. “Domestic” air waybill is enclosed to each batch within a consolidated cargo that constitutes a document on conclusion of a cargo air transportation agreement between the consigner and a freight forwarder or agent at the departure airport and prevails over all other documents enclosed to the cargo. Air waybills for each consolidation are delivered to Carriers in a sealed envelope enclosed to a general air waybill.
  3. Terms of transportation of consolidated cargo batches (regarding distribution of liability between the Carrier, a serving agent, individual consignees and consigners) may differ from terms applied by the Carrier for regular transportation.
  4. The Carrier is responsible for dispensing a consolidated cargo batch under a general air waybill to a person stipulated in it as the consignee. The Carrier is not responsible for dispensing separate batches of cargo included in a consolidated batch.
  5. In case of special agreements between the Carrier and a serving agent, the Carrier or an authorized agent may be stipulated in a general air waybill as the consignee. In this case the Carrier performs destack of a consolidated batch of cargo and bears responsibility for dispensing cargo under domestic air waybills.
  6. For consolidated cargoes each separate cargo should be marked as a part of cargo stipulated in a general air waybill. Such marks should include both general air waybill number and domestic air waybill number.
  7. It is not allowed to unify in consolidated batches the following categories of cargoes:
  1. hazardous cargoes (except for dry ice used as a cooling agent);
  2. live cargoes;
  3. valuable cargoes;
  4. diplomatic materials;
  5. unescorted baggage carried as cargo;
  6. special cargoes;
  7. heavy and bulky cargoes. 

Although, the listed categories of cargoes may be unified in consolidated batches if a consignment consists fully of items from each of the mentioned categories.

14.10. Procession and Dispensing of Off-Loaded Cargo

14.10.1. Off-loaded cargo procession includes operations:

  1. cargo unloading from aircraft and cargo acceptance from crew members;
  2. check of documents for off-loaded cargo by AK coordinator;
  3. cargo submitting to customs warehouse or arrival warehouse;
  4. registration of off-loaded cargoes and informing the Consignee about cargo arrival;
  5. issuing documents for cargo dispensing to the consignee;
  6. dispensing cargo to the consignee.

14.10.2. Cargo transportation is considered performed after cargo dispensing to the consignee pursuant to terms stipulated in a cargo air transportation agreement.

14.10.3. The Carrier is obliged to ensure notifying the consignee about arrival of a cargo addressed to it no later than twelve hours after the moment of arrival of an aircraft by which the cargo was delivered to the destination airport and no later than three hours after the moment of arrival of an aircraft by which a cargo was delivered to the destination airport in case of a cargo requiring special transportation conditions, except for an oversized, heavy or bulky cargo, unless otherwise is contemplated by a cargo air transportation agreement.

14.10.4. Cargo is dispensed to the consignee stipulated in an air waybill at the destination airport.

14.10.5. Cargo is dispensed to the consignee only after payment of all fees and fulfillment of requirements on border, customs, immigration, sanitary and quarantine, veterinary, quarantine and phytosanitary control pursuant to legislation of the Russian Federation or legislation of the country in the territory, to the territory or through the territory of which cargo transportation is performed.

14.10.6. To fulfill requirements on border, customs, immigration, sanitary and quarantine, veterinary, quarantine and/or phytosanitary control pursuant to legislation of the Russian Federation or legislation of the country in the territory, to the territory or through the territory of which cargo transportation is performed and payment of fees, an air waybill (an original for the carrier and an original for the consigner) and other documents connected with а the cargo are issued by the carrier or a service company to the consignee against signed receipt.

14.10.7. At cargo dispensing the carrier or other service company is obliged to check a number of cargo pieces and weight of off-loaded cargo.

14.10.8. At finding a damaged package, the consigner’s seals that may influence the state of cargo the Carrier is obliged to weigh a damaged piece f cargo, open it and count the contents with participation of the consignee.

14.10.9. A cargo is dispensed to the consignee on the basis of and according to data specified in a waybill. In this case a waybill original for the carrier with the mark “confirmation of cargo receipt” including date and time of cargo dispensing to the consignee and the consignee’s signature is returned to the carrier or a service company. In case of a discrepancy between actual cargo title, its weight, number of cargo pieces with the data stipulated in a waybill, a damage, cargo deterioration, finding a cargo without traffic documents or traffic documents without cargo, a Commercial Report is drawn up.

14.10.10. The consignee is obliged to accept cargo and remove it. At cargo dispensing the carrier or a service company puts in an air waybill counterpart for the consignee a mark about date and time of cargo dispensing to the consignee.

14.10.11. The consignee may refuse from receiving damaged or spoilt cargo if it is revealed that the cargo quality had changed to the extent that excludes possibility of its full and/or partial use according to the initial purpose.

14.11. Cargo Storage

14.11.1. The carrier is obliged to ensure proper storage of a cargo that arrived to the destination airport before its dispensing to the consignee for a term settled by the Carrier’s Regulations or a cargo air transportation agreement.

14.11.2. If the consignee has not received an off-loaded cargo within three days from the day following the day of sending a notification about arrival of cargo addressed to the consignee or within a term settled by the carrier’s regulations or if the consignee has refused from its acceptance, the carrier is obliged to notify the consigner about it, keep the cargo for storage at the consigner’s expense and risk.

14.11.3. If the consignee has not claimed an off-load cargo upon expiration of a ten days period after the day of sending a notification about arrival of a cargo addressed to the consignee, the carrier sends the consignee a notification about the necessity to receive the cargo.

14.11.4. If upon expiration of a ten days period after sending a notification about the necessity to receive cargo a cargo is not claimed or the consignee has received from its receipt, the carrier notifies the consigner about cargo non-receipt. The mentioned notification should contain a warning about possible realization or destruction of cargo in case of absence of the consigner’s instructions for a term specified in the notification.

14.11.5. In case of absence of the consigner’s instructions for thirty days after sending a notification about cargo non-receipt or if fulfillment of received instructions is impossible, the cargo is recognized unclaimed and may be realized or destroyed pursuant to the procedure settled by Article XXI of these Regulations.

14.11.6. In case of arrival to an airport of a cargo without a waybill and other necessary documents, cargo with illegible marks or without it (hereinafter “Undocumented Cargo”), the carrier takes measures for storage of this cargo for the whole period of search for documents and the consigner and/or consignee but no more than sixty days from the date of arrival of an aircraft by which undocumented cargo is delivered to an airport. In upon expiration of the mention term the consigner or consignee are not detected, the cargo is recognized unclaimed and may be realized or destroyed pursuant to the procedure settled by Article XXI if these Regulations.

14.11.7. Storage of cargo subject to customs control and disposal of it is performed according to the procedure settled by legislation of the Russian Federation.

14.12. Search of Cargo

14.12.1. If upon arrival of an aircraft to the destination airport or the transfer airport it is discovered that a cargo included in the list of cargoes and/or a cargo air waybill is/are missing, or that a cargo is not accompanied by an air waybill and/or any other required documents, or that an air waybill and/or other required documents are not accompanied by the cargo, or that a cargo is impossible to identify due to unclear transportation marking or absence of marking on the cargo, the Carrier shall be obliged to carry out a search of the cargo and/or air waybill, other required documents and ensure the delivery of the cargo and/or air waybill and other required documents to the destination airport or the transfer airport.

14.12.2. Measures for a search of the cargo/cargo air waybill, other required documents shall be taken immediately after reporting the loss and include the following stages:

  1. notification of the departure airport of any malfunctions occurred in the course of the cargo transportation on the flight which delivered (failed to deliver) the cargo/cargo air waybill, other required documents;
  2. initiation of a search case;
  3. sending requests to airports from /to which the cargo/cargo air waybill, other required documents could have been delivered;
  4. sending instructions for handling the cargo/cargo air waybill, other required documents in case of discovery of a misdirected cargo/cargo air waybill, other required documents.

14.13. Procedure for sale and destruction of an unclaimed cargo

14.13.1. A cargo which has been recognized unclaimed or as described in clause 9.20 of these Regulations shall be subject to sale or destruction.

14.13.2. A decision on sale or destruction of a cargo shall be made by a commission established by the Carrier.

14.13.3. The commission shall include representatives of servicing organization, expert organizations and, in case of a disposal, an assessor.

14.13.4. In accordance with legal acts and regulations of the Russian Federation representatives of governmental authorities may be included in the composition of the commission.

14.13.5. The commission shall check the availability of documents and materials confirming timeliness and completeness of measures taken for identification of the cargo’s owner and determine whether such materials are sufficient for making a decision on sale or destruction of the cargo.

14.13.6. In making a decision on sale or destruction of a cargo the commission must consider the following documents:

  1. report;
  2. cargo air waybill (if available);
  3. search case (save as specified in clause 194 of these Regulations);
  4. reports of the expert organizations on the cargo expertise;
  5. consigner’s instructions, documents of the consignee’s refusal from receiving the cargo (if available);
  6. other documents provided by legal acts and regulations of the Russian Federation.

14.13.7. The commission’s decision on sale or destruction of a cargo shall be documented by a sale report or a destruction report.

14.13.8. Cargoes shall be sold at a price set on the basis of the commission’s assessment. Sale shall be carried out through trading organizations.

14.13.9. Destruction of a cargo shall be carried out by a specialized entity.

14.13.10. In case of sale of a cargo the Carrier shall have the right to retain from the proceeds of the sale all amounts, to which the Carrier or any third parties are entitled to, for the purpose of reimbursement of expenses relating to non-receipt of the cargo and transfer the remaining amount to the consigner.

14.13.11. No sale of a cargo shall relieve the consigner from reimbursement to the Carrier or any third parties of expenses not covered by the proceeds of the sale of the cargo.

14.14. Termination of a cargo air transportation agreement

14.14.1. The Carrier may unilaterally terminate a cargo air transportation agreement in the following cases:

  1. violation by the cargo owner or consigner of passport, customs, sanitary and other requirements relating to air transportation set forth by the legislation of the Russian Federation and, in case of international transportation, rules set forth by relevant authorities of the departure, transit or destination country;
  2. cargo owner’s or consigner’s refusal from compliance with requirements established by the federal aviation rules;
  3. presence in the cargo of items and substances prohibited for transportation by air.
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